Certificates and self-certifications
Article 15 of Law 183/2011, which came into force on 1 January 2012, made amendments to Presidential Decree 445/2000, containing the Consolidated Law on Administrative Documentation: in particular, it states that “Certifications issued by the public administration with regard to status, personal qualities and facts are valid and usable only in relations between private individuals. In relations with public administration bodies and managers of public services, certificates and sworn affidavits are always replaced by the declarations referred to in Articles 46 and 47 of Presidential Decree 445/2000” (self-certifications).
Public administrations and public service managers are obliged to accept self-certifications, under penalty of breach of official duties.
Stamped certificates are only valid and usable in relations between private individuals.
What are self-certifications
Self-certifications are divided into declarations in lieu of certification (Article 46 of Presidential Decree 445/2000) and declarations in lieu of an affidavit (Article 47 of Presidential Decree 445/2000).
With the declaration in lieu of certification you can declare a series of statuses, personal qualities and facts, expressly provided for by law, in place of the normal certifications.
With the declaration in lieu of an affidavit, you can declare statuses, personal qualities and facts, including those relating to other persons, of which the person concerned is directly aware (subject to exceptions expressly provided for by law) and which do not fall within those subject to the declaration in lieu of certification (listed in Article 46 of Presidential Decree 445/2000).
It is important to remember that the person concerned is personally responsible for what he or she declares: if the Administration has a well-founded doubt as to the truthfulness of what he or she has declared, it is required to carry out appropriate checks and take any necessary measures.
What they look like
You can log into Student Services Online and download and print a series of self-certifications pre-filled with user data by the system.