Tenured Assistant Professor
Academic disciplines: 
Reception Hours: 

I will be on research and teaching leave at the University of Bologna (October 2021-2025)


U06, Piano: P03, Stanza: 3136
Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1 - 20126 MILANO


I am a Lecturer at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Psychology Department, where I arrived in 2006. I am also qualified as Senior Lecturer (Professore di II fascia) since 2013. 
I received my PhD in Philosophy of Language and Mind from Turin (Vercelli, Italy) in 2003. My dissertation was on theories of concepts and rule-following. Before coming to Bicocca I held appointments in the universities of Modena, Parma, and Bologna, where I studied for the BA. I also studied in London (Birkbeck College), and in Aberdeen (Northern Institute of Philosophy).
My broad view is that philosophical analysis and scientific research can profitably collaborate on the same problems, with different methods. I have published on concepts, the language-cognition interface, rule-following, and the epistemology of psychological research. I gradually became interested in the philosophy of psychopathology and of medicine, which are now my main research areas. 



My first research interest has been the nature of concepts and categorization. I published on theories of concepts, the rule-following discussion and conceptual normaitivity, and on linguistic relativity (the idea that linguistic differences influence thought).

Now I am focused on the philsophy of psychiatry (more generally of psychopathology), and on some conceptual issues in philosophy of medicine.

More specifically I have published or I am writing on:

-the nature of mental disorders

-adequacy of current nosologies (DSM-5 and others)

- the problem of explanation in psychiatry (mechanistic, pluralistic etc.)

- overdiagnosis and overtesting

-why people d not trust medical experts, with a focus on vaccine hesitancy

-appropriateness in healthcare


  • Fanti, S., & Lalumera, E. (2016). Of standard of reference and accuracy: the problem of truth in imaging. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING, 43(1), 52-54. Detail
  • Lalumera, E. (2015). Overcoming Expert Disagreement In A Delphi Process. An Exercise In Reverse Epistemology. HUMANA.MENTE(28), 87-103. Detail
  • Lalumera, E. (2016). Saving the DSM-5? Descriptive conceptions and theoretical concepts of mental disorders. MEDICINA & STORIA, 109-128. Detail
  • Lalumera, E. (2014). Whorfian effects in color perception: deep or shallow?. In E. Machery (a cura di), Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication, Vol. 9 (pp. 1-12). New Prairie Press. Detail
  • Lalumera, E. (2010). Concepts are a functional kind. BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES, 33(2). Detail